Home » CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science (2024-25)

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science (2024-25)

Update on: 06 Apr 2024, 05:48 PM

The Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, has issued the Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024–25, which is similar to the CBSE 2023–24 Syllabus. Since the new academic year has begun, students should start preparing right away so that they won’t be overwhelmed at the last minute.

This article contains the class 10 CBSE Science Syllabus that may be used to get ready for the CBSE Board Exam. Additionally, you can make CBSE Sample paper for class 10 as well as updated CBSE BOOKS to ace your Science board exam.

Check the full syllabus – CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 (2024-25)

CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024-25

Students can see the latest released CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024-25 below.

Unit No.UnitMarks
IChemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour25
IIWorld of Living25
IIINatural Phenomena12
IVEffects of Current13
VNatural Resources5
Total80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total100

Theme: Materials

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide,Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical coordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health – need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).

Theme: Natural Phenomena

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required),magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in dailylife (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset).

Theme: How Things Work

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R. Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carryingconductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Theme: Natural Resources

Unit V: Natural Resources
Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

CBSE Books/Resources Class 10 for 2024-25

Appearing for the CBSE Class 10 board exam holds significance not only from the study perspective but from a career perspective as well. The marks you score decide your hold on your favourite stream. This is why you can’t afford to prepare for such a valuable class from some random book. That is why you should choose to study with MTG books, the most trusted and authentic study materials and supplementary books. We are known for providing books that not only ensure your complete command of NCERT but also a strong foundation for a lot of competitive exams such as Olympiads, NTSE, and other competitive exams. Here are some of those books:

NCERT at your Fingertips for Science and Mathematics – Buy Now

This has been the most recommended book on account of its applications-based questions. This book provides a set of comprehensive questions for Mathematics and Science subjects. It covers the latest NCERT textbook syllabus. Apart from this, this book helps in preparing for CBSE exams, Olympiads, and future competitive exams.

100 Percent Science, Mathematics, English, and Social Studies – Buy Now

To ensure a perfect score in your CBSE class 10 exam, you must have MTG’s 100 Percent book for Science, Mathematics, English, and Social Science. This book is aligned with the latest NCERT syllabus and CBSE 2024-25 pattern. You will get topic-wise theory, chapter-wise activities, concept maps, practice papers, and detailed solutions. To aid exam preparation, you will also get self-test assignments, exam drills, and coverage of science practicals. To assist your cognitive skills, the questions are labelled based on CBSE cognitive levels.

CBSE Chapter-wise Topic-wise 10 Years AKA CBSE Champion Mathematics, Science, English, Hindi, Social Science – Buy Now

With never-seen-before features, this book comes with theory and CBSE 10-year graphical analysis. You also get access to step-by-step Video Solutions of the complete 2024 CBSE board exam paper. Apart from this, it has the past 10 years’ questions from CBSE, Delhi, and All India Papers. To help you excel in your CBSE 2025 board exams, the book has 3 CBSE sample papers, 5 practice papers, and solved answers as well.

MTG NCERT Textbook + Exemplar Problems Solutions for Mathematics and Science – Buy Now

If you want to gain a good command of MCQ, VSA, SA, and LA in Mathematics and Science subjects, this book is the most appropriate one for you. This book is the ultimate source for self-practice. With this book, you learn to develop an analytical approach, helpful for solving problems.

CBSE ScoreMore 15 Sample Papers Mathematics, Science, English, Social Science – Buy Now

This book is bundled with 15 sample papers, which will help to ace your CBSE 10th board 2024-25 exam. Alongside 15 sample papers, it also comprises the latest CBSE sample question paper based on the latest CBSE pattern, syllabus, and blueprint. All the sample papers consist of all question typologies – MCQs and Subjective types. To keep a tab on your readiness, it is fully solved and adorned with self-evaluation.

CBSE Chapter-wise Question Bank Science, Mathematics, English, Social Science – Buy Now

This is a must have book if you are looking to excel in your 10th board exams. This exhaustive book comes with notes for each chapter paired with a lot of question types to nurture your understanding. It provides detailed solutions and has practice papers based on the latest CBSE exam pattern. Also, you will get the latest official CBSE sample question paper.

Foundation Course PCMB books – Buy Now

Most of the bright students prepare for competitions alongside their regular studies to gain a competitive edge. We are the preferred choice of students, parents, and academicians when it comes to foundation course books. Our books are based on the latest competency-based education. These books help in acquiring knowledge, comprehending concepts, and cultivating exam skills with hidden facts, additional information, and practice papers.

Lab Manual Science Book – Buy Now

Based on the recent CBSE 2024 syllabus, our lab manual book is designed to assist you in preparing for the practical exam. Covering a wide range of topics, it helps you in enhancing practical skills so that you approach the exam confidently. The book consists of MCQs, lab experiments, viva-voce questions, and NCERT lab manual questions to apprise you of the format and types of questions asked in the exam.

MTG is reputed for staying up-to-date with the latest trends and policies in education. We always make sure to come up with learning material that will help students to ace all the challenges they might face in their educations. You can trust us for 100% error-free and authentic content to achieve your dreams from our CBSE Books for Class 10.

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