Home » Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 JEE Questions and Answers

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 JEE Questions and Answers

Update on: 13 Jan 2023, 10:00 AM

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 JEE Questions

Many important questions are formed in competitive exams like CUET, JEE, NEET, and boards from Class 12 Physics. Below, we have provided Important Questions from Class 12 Physics Unit 7, Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter for your JEE Mains 2023 preparation. You can check it here for revision purposes.

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Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 JEE Mains Questions and Answers

We’ve compiled a list of important questions about the Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 physics unit 7 that you should not miss while studying for your JEE Main Exams.

Q.1. The stopping potential for the photoelectron emitted from a metal surface of work function 1.7 eV is 10.4 V. Identify the energy levels in hydrogen atom which will emit the wavelength of radiation used
(a) n1 = 1, n2 = 2 (b) n1 = 1, n2 = 3
(c) n1 = 2, n2 = 4 (d) n1 = 2, n2 = 5

A.1.  (b)

Explanation:

Answer 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.2. Let u1 be the frequency of the series limit of Lyman series, u2 be the frequency of the first line of Lyman series, and u3 be the frequency of the Balmer series. Then
(a) u1 + u2 = u3 (b) u2 – u1 = u3
(c) u1 – u2 = u3 (d) υ3 = ½ (u1 + u2)­

A.2. (c)

Q.3. The de Broglie wavelength of an electron is the same as that of a 50 keV X-ray photon. The ratio of the energy of the photon to the kinetic energy of the electron is (the energy equivalent of electron mass is 0.5 MeV)
(a) 1: 50 (b) 1: 20 (c) 20: 1 (d) 50: 1

A.3. (c)

Explanation:

Answer 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.4. Ultraviolet light of wavelength 300 nm and intensity 1.0 W m–2 falls on the surface of a photosensitive material. If two percent of the incident photons produce photoelectrons, then the number of photoelectrons emitted from an area of 1.0 cm2 of the surface is nearly
(a) 2 × 1013 s–1 (b) 3 × 1012 s–1
(c) 4 × 1013 s–1 (d) 4 × 1012 s–1

A.4. (b)

Explanation:

Answer 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.5. X-rays are produced in an X-ray tube by electrons accelerated through an electric potential difference of 50.0 kV. An electron makes three collisions in the target before coming to rest and loses half of its remaining kinetic energy in each of the first two collisions. Neglect the recoil of the heavy target atoms, the wavelength of the resulting photons in the first two collisions is (Take hc = 1243 eV nm)
(a) 49.72 pm; 99.44 pm (b) 47.38 pm; 24.86 pm
(c) 52.24 pm; 49.72 pm (d) 49.72 pm; 24.86 pm

A.5. (a)

Explanation:

Answer 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.6. Which of the following quantities for a nucleus is independent of its mass number?
(a) Density (b) Volume
(c) Mass (d) Radius

A.6. (a)

Explanation:

Answer 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The density of the nucleus is constant and is independent of the mass number and it is the same for all nuclei.

Q.7. The energy of a hydrogen atom in the ground state is –13.6 eV. The energy of a He+ ion in the first excited state will be
(a) –13.6 eV (b) –27.2 eV
(c) –54.4 eV (d) –6.8 eV

A.7. (a)

Explanation:

Answer 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.8. The count rate of a Geiger-Muller counter for the radiation of a radioactive material of half-life of 30 min decreases to 5 s–1 after 2 h. The initial count rate was
(a) 80 s–1 (b) 625 s–1 (c) 20 s–1 (d) 25 s–1

A.8. (a)

 

Q.9. The half-life of the radioactive nucleus is 100 years. The time interval between 20% and 80% decay of the parent nucleus is
(a) 100 years (b) 200 years
(c) 300 years (d) 400 years

A.9. (b)

Explanation:

Answer 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.10. The ratio of the de Broglie wavelengths of an electron of energy 10 eV to that of person of mass 66 kg travelling at a speed of 100 km h–1 is of the order of
(a) 1034 (b) 1027 (c) 1017 (d) 10–10

A.10. (b)

Explanation:

For an electron Mass, me = 9.11 × 10–31 kg, Kinetic energy, K = 10 eV = 10 × 1.6 × 10–19 J

Answer 10

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